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Facts & Figures

ImageFacts & Figures, Economy of Pakistan, People, Demographics and other general information relavent to our Pakistan.


Islamic Republic of Pakistan

FlagState Emblem


Ittehad, Tanzim, Yaqeen-e-Muhkam  (Urdu)
"Unity, Discipline and Faith"
CapitalIslamabad 33°40′N, 73°10′E
Largest cityKarachi
Official languagesUrdu, English
GovernmentSemi-presidential republic
Independencefrom the United Kingdom
DeclaredAugust 14, 1947
Islamic republicMarch 23, 1956
Total803,940 km² (36th)
310,403 sq mi 
Water (%)3.1
2007 estimate176,242,949 (7th)
Density206 /km² (53rd)
534 /sq mi
GDP (PPP)2008 estimate
Total$452.7 billion (27th)
Per capital$2,600 (128th)
Gini (2002)30.6 (medium)
HDI (2006)0.539 (medium) (134th)
CurrencyRupee (Rs.) (PKR)
Time zonePST (UTC+5)
Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+6)
Internet TLD.pk
Calling code+92
 Excludes Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) and the Federally Administered Northern Areas (FANA).


Central bankThe State Bank of Pakistan (SBP)
Trade organizations and treatiesECO, SAFTA, ASEAN, WIPO and WTO
GDP growth rate5.8% (2008 est.)
Population176,242,949 (July 2009 est.)
Agricultural productsCotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; milk, beef, mutton, eggs, shrimp, poultry, tea
Main industriesAutomotive, textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transport equipment, machinery, beverages, construction, materials, clothing, paper products.
International trade
Major imported commoditiesPetroleum, petroleum products,machinery, plastics, transportation equipment, edible oils, paper and paperboard, iron and steel,tea
Main import partnersChina 16.2%, Saudi Arabia 10.9%,UAE 10.1% US 5.7%, Japan 4.4%,Kuwait 4.9% (2007)
Major exported commoditiesTextile goods (garments, bed linen, cotton cloths, and yarn), rice, leather goods, sports goods, chemicals manufactures, carpets and rugs.
Main export partnersUnited States 18%,UAE 10.4%,UK 4.7%,China 5.2%,Afghanistan 8.4%(2007)


  1. Data is for 2008-09, unless specified otherwise.
  2. Pakistan's ranking, where applicable, are specified in brackets, and linked to the source data.
  3. CIA Pakistan Section from The World Factbook, dated August 2009
  4. Pakistan Government Website
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